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:: Therapy - Medical Treatment


Medical Treatment

Soothing ointments, creams, and suppositories

Various preparations and brands are commonly used. They do not 'cure' hemorrhoids. However, they may relieve symptoms such as discomfort and itch:

  • A bland soothing cream, ointment, or suppository may ease discomfort. They can be used as often as you like. Several brands are available without a prescription.
  • One that contains an anesthetic may relieve better hemorrhoid discomfort. You should only use these for short periods at a time (5-7 days). If you use it for longer, the anesthetic may irritate or sensitize the skin around the anus.
  • One that contains a steroid may be prescribed by a doctor if there is a lot of inflammation around the hemorrhoids. Steroids reduce inflammation and may help to reduce any swelling around a hemorrhoid. This may help to ease itch and pain. You should not normally use these for longer than one week at a time.
  • Very painful prolapsed hemorrhoids are uncommon. The pain may be eased by an ice pack (or bag of frozen peas) pressed on for 15-30 minutes. Strong painkillers may be needed.
  • Hemorrhoids of pregnancy usually settle after child birth. Treatment is similar to the above.

Oral treatment

Dietary supplementation with micronized semi-synthetic flavonoids can be useful to improve venous tone and inhibit the release of prostaglandins. Their use has been shown to reduce acute symptoms.